following is taken from Derick Hartshorn's book about
the Hartshorn(e) surname)...
A potted history
The family origin is conceded
by many to be in the extreme southern portion of Derbyshire,
England, in a town bearing the family name. The town
of Hartshorn was the setting for the novel Ivanhoe written
by Sir Walter Scott. He lived in the so-called "Ivanhoe
House" at Ashby de la Zouche while writing the
novel. Research done by Newton Timothy Hartshorn, who
spent many weeks in the house in the early 1880's, credits
the origin of the Hartshorn family as being from German
Saxony, coming to England circa 300 A.D. at the behest
of the Angles in their defense against the Picts and
Scots. This band or company of men had for their tribal
emblem, or rallying standard, a deer (or hart's) horn
fixed on a pole and the man who carried it came to be
known as "Hartshorn".
The place or land granted
to that tribe or family was called Hartshorn. The Saxon
Hartshorn clan, with their assimilation to the Angles,
became Anglo-Saxons. They never completely accepted
the rule of the Norman conquerors. With little documentation
of the era of that time it is difficult to place the
Hartshorns with the band of men today known as the "Men
of Green" and other descriptive terms given to
the fanciful characters today known as the men of Robin
It is interesting to
note that the characters of the Sherwood Forest are
given credence by the British writer, Rev. Charles Henry
Hartshorne in his book, Ancient Metrical Tales, written
in 1829, in which he credits the story to an earlier
book, British Biographer. The fact remains that those
of Anglo-Saxon origin were never on close terms with
the continental invaders and were discriminated against
for centuries. Newton Hartshorn was firmly convinced,
after living in the Ivanhoe House for several years,
that the Hartshorns were kith and kin with Locksley
and the other popular characters of Sherwood Forest.
Older maps of England
indicate that the parish of Hartshorn, located in Litchfield,
Derbyshire, is roughly shaped like a "hart's horn."
This could only be determined by cartographers at a
much later date and would probably not be obvious to
those that had known the parish as "Hartshorn"
long before that since an aerial view would be required.
A relatively recent conjecture
of the name of origin of the name Hartshorn is credited
to the medicinal use of the hart's horn. Being ground
up and used in the manufacture of ammonia in earlier
times, the name hartshorn was applied to generic ammonium
carbonate. This occurred well after the name Hartshorn
had been established and was in common use.
The most probably derivation
of the name is from the clan rallying standard, previously
mentioned. It is thought that the original Germanic
surname, Hirschorn, currently in usage today, had the
same origin and may be the name they brought with them
in 300 A.D.
The surname HARTSON is
a derivation of HARTSHORN. No single family or line
can lay claim to being the first "HARTSON."
Several lines that settled in Connecticut and elsewhere
changed the spelling of the name to fit the way the
name was often pronounced.