Domesday survey began at the 1085 Christmas Court of King William
I of England (known as 'The Conqueror') to provide a record of the
land he had conquered 20 years before in 1066. When the king took
council with his advisors, disputes about landholdings continually
disturbed the collection of taxes. In 1086 Royal commissioners were
sent out to every shire with a long list of questions. The king
died before it was completed. 900 years later (1986 was the 900th
anniversary of the publication of the book) 90% of the towns & villages
original book was hand-written by, probably, a single monk. It still
exists and is kept at the UK's Public Record Office in Kew (where
the Gardens are) near London. They are kept secure in a metal chest,
to be acrefully removed every few centuries or so when they need
irony is that few of his subjects could read ...
The questionnaire sent out for the
Domesday survey asked:
The name of the place
Who held it before 1066
Who holds it now (1085)
How many hides (1 hide of 20 acres could support 1 family)
How many ploughs
How many Lordships
How many men
How much woodland
How much meadow
How much pasture
How many villages
How many cottagers
How many slaves
How many free men
How many Freeman
How many mills
How many fish ponds
What the total value was
What the total value is
How much each free man or Freeman had or has
The manor of Heorteshorne was in the
Wapentake of Walecros later called the Repton Wapentake. A Wapentake
is an area of a Country. Derbyshire or Derbyscire was divided into
The 2 entries for Hartshorne were
Aluric had four carucates for geld. Land
for four ploughs. It is waste. Wood, pasturable, half-a-mile in
length, and half-a-mile in breadth. Arable land of the same extent.
In the time of King Edward it was worth four pounds, now ten shillings.
In another Heorteshorne (Hartshorne obviously
was comprised of two settlements)...
Aluric had two carucates of land for
geld. Land for two ploughs. It is waste. Wood, pasturable, half-a-mile
in length, and half-a-mile in breadth. Arable land of the same extent.
In the time of King Edward it was worth forty shillings, now ten
of Hartshorne were given by William the Conqueror to one of his
followers, Henry de Ferrars.
Glossary of terms
in the history archive for information about the historic terms.
If you want to get a rebound copy
of this famous book then visit the Domesday
Book web site.
Source: Mr Alan E Sherratt, Hartshorne - An
Historical Collection, p 16-17.